What are Liquid Assets? Definition Meaning Example

liquid assets accounting

Current Assets are a major component of the firm’s Asset Structure. The example shows how asset structure, financial structure, and capital structure all appear on the firm’s Balance Sheet. These structures have meaning in terms of the relative magnitudes of structure components. A wasting asset is an asset that irreversibly declines in value over time.

Having a full understanding of liquidity in accounting is vital. Explore everything you need to know about the concept of liquidity with our simple guide. IlliquidIlliquid refers to an asset that cannot be converted to cash. Such assets suffer a valuation loss when sold in exchange for cash. Bonds, stocks and properties are some examples of illiquid investment. One of the best places to keep an emergency fund can be a high-yield savings account.

Should you prioritize liquid assets over fixed assets?

Net liquid assets are a measure of the near-term liquidity position of a firm, calculated as liquid assets less current liabilities. Last, the Securities and Exchange Commission has proposed amendments to money market funds.

liquid assets accounting

Receivables – usually reported as net of allowance for non-collectable accounts. The information provided on this page does not, and is not intended to constitute legal or financial advice and is for general informational purposes only. The content is provided “as-is”; no representations are made that the content is error free.

Net Liquid Assets

You should be able to recognize liquid assets with confidence, and have some idea as to which assets could be a worthwhile investment. It’s a major indicator of how prepared you are for economic changes and emergencies, and whether you’re putting your cash to good use. Companies use balance sheets to record assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity, and to understand financial position at a specific point in time. Assets are listed in this report according to how liquid they are.

Liquidation of such assets is not easy and can take considerable time too. Asset per se is a financial resource and could be tangible or intangible forms.


Easily manage financial documents and other records using a business receipt tracker. Record, report and submit expense reports efficiently and on time. Current assets are shown separately as a line item in the financial statements. Victoria Araj is a Section Editor for Rocket Mortgage and held roles in mortgage banking, public relations and more in her 15+ years with the company.

liquid assets accounting

Fixed Assets – Assets like the land, plant, building, machinery, furniture, vehicles, etc., all are part of fixed assets. Selling these and converting them into cash is a long-term process and requires a few days to a month. Prepaid ExpensesPrepaid expenses refer to advance payments made by a firm whose benefits are acquired in the future. Payment for the goods is made in the current accounting period, but the delivery is received in the upcoming accounting period. Liquid assets are different from non-liquid assets, such as property, vehicles, or jewelry, which can take longer to sell and may lose value in the sale.

What is the Difference Between Current Assets and Liquid Assets?

Every individual or business needs to have adequate liquid assets for the diligent and smooth functioning of activities and peace of mind. Adequacy is also vital for taking advantage of unforeseen opportunities that may appear worth exploring. Current assets like inventories are not usually considered liquid assets. Many mutual funds are also considered to be illiquid because the investors can’t always get to their money instantly. A net liquid asset position also demonstrates that a company can make new investments without having to take on financing. Working capital, or net working capital , is a measure of a company’s liquidity, operational efficiency, and short-term financial health. Companies have strategic processes for managing the amount of cash on their balance sheet available to pay bills and manage required expenditures.

  • Using a cash management account like Brex Cash, you can quickly create a custom balance sheet with the data already recorded in your account.
  • With this, you have an end-to-end automated solution for payouts and payments reconciliation, and check on real time balances.
  • Bonds.Some investors buy bondsand hold them to their maturity date.
  • FDIC coverage does not apply to deposits while at the Clearing Bank or any account at an intermediary depositary institution.
  • There is a fine balance that a company must strike between enough liquid assets and too many liquid assets.

Out-of-pocket expenses, card spend, and reimbursements all in one system. For those businesses are just getting started and have less history. Spenmo is an liquid assets accounting all-in-one platform that helps you manage, track, and automate your payments. Our small, efficient team delivers speed and efficiency to your business.

Explaining Liquid Assets in Context

Tighter the liquidity, then the assets are not kept idle and are earning returns. However, tight liquidity also sometimes leads to chances of opportunity loss of investments and business. It could mean that the assets are blocked in higher interest rate instruments or poor cash flow. Similarly, a building can be precious and economically significant for the owner, be it a company or an individual. But if a sudden need for money arises, it cannot be used for the purpose. Finding the correct buyer immediately for selling the landed properties will be difficult. Moreover, selling it during the running business will be a distress sale, and hence, there will be a significant loss of money realization as compared to its fair market value.

liquid assets accounting

Stock options can be very valuable, but they are highly illiquid assets, as you must remain with the company for years before you own the stock promised to you. A liquid asset is cash on hand or an asset other than cash that can be quickly converted into cash at a reasonable price. In other words, a liquid asset can be quickly sold on the market without a significant loss of its value. Liquid assets are usually current assets that can be converted to cash quickly while retaining their market value. These assets comprise the current asset portion of your balance sheet and are expected to be converted or used within a year. Net liquid assets are important because a company consistently needs cash to meet its short-term obligations.

The next on the list are marketable securities like stocks and bonds, which can be sold in the market in a few days; generally, the next day can be liquidated. The usual types of liquid assets on the balance sheet are cash, accounts receivable, marketable securities, and inventory. Checking and savings accounts are also considered liquid assets.

Is inventory a liquid asset?

Liquid assets are defined as assets that can be easily converted into cash. Money owed to your company and inventory are examples of liquid assets in business.

Bank loans are readily available to companies with better liquidity ratios. In the context of businesses, a term of https://online-accounting.net/ about three months or 90 days is generally considered for recognizing and classifying assets as liquid assets.


The high number of market participants, along with large trading volumes, ensure the fast disposal of the assets without significantly losing value. However, it’s not an extensive list but can definitely serve as a reference. The current ratio and the quick ratio are two ways that you can measure the liquidity of a small business. We can approximate a firm’s liquidity by using formulas and financial ratios to measure it such as the current ratio. Having net liquid assets also makes it easier to receive financing from a bank as it demonstrates the ability of a company to pay off its loans, even in times of distress. This also results in usually receiving a better interest rate on a loan. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development has outlined liquid asset requirements for financial institutions to become FHA-approved lenders.

Is gold a liquid asset?

Gold is a highly liquid yet scarce asset, and it is no one's liability.

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